WORDS OF THREE SYLLABLES STRESSED ON 1ST, 2ND AND 3RD SYLLABLES.

WORDS OF THREE SYLLABLES STRESSED ON 1ST, 2ND AND 3RD SYLLABLES.

What is a Syllable? A Syllable is the minimal unit of a word which can be pronounced with a single breath. Syllables make up words and they play an important role in the rhythm of speech. The general structure of a syllable is the onset, peak and the coda. In the English language, there are monosyllabic words, bi syllabic words and polysyllabic words but our focus is on polysyllabic words. Polysyllabic words are words with three or more syllables. Our focus is on words of three syllables stressed in the first, second and third syllables.

 

What is Stress? Stress is the amount of force or energy with which an utterance is made. In English language, stress falls under the following categories namely: primary, secondary, tertiary or unstressed. Its application is produced and perceived in the prominence placed on a syllable over others in a word.

 

Therefore we can define syllable as the smallest unit of operation for stress in a given word.

NOTE: The stressed syllables are shown in capital letters.

 

WORDS OF THREE SYLLABLES STRESSED ON THE FIRST SYLLABLE

WORDS                 STRESS PATTERN

  1. attribute            ATTribute
  2. calculate           CALculate
  3. envelope           Envelope
  4. medical             Medical

 

WORDS OF THREE SYLLABLES STRESSED ON THE SECOND SYLLABLE

WORDS                 STRESS PATTERN

  1. defendant               deFENdant
  2. encompass            enCOMpass
  3. encourage             enCOURage
  4. idealize                  iDEAlize

 

WORDS OF THREE SYLLABLES STRESSED ON THE THIRD SYLLABLE

WORDS                 STRESS PATTERN

  1. absentee                  absenTEE
  2. domineer                domiNEER
  3. refugee                     refuGEE
  4. seventeen               sevenTEEN

 

Content words such as nouns, adjective, adverb and main verbs are said with greater force and they receive primary stress. Function words such as pronouns, articles, conjunctions, prepositions and auxiliary verbs are pronounced with less force so they receive secondary stress. Form syllables such as – ing, – ment, – ous,    -tion,-ed, -es at the end of the words are not stressed. They do not receive any prominence. They are tertiary or unstressed.

 

EXERCISE

In a tabular form, from the words below, indicate the stressed syllable in capital letters identifying them under the heading of first syllable, second syllable or third syllable.

reprimand         discussion       important       employee       calendar            examine              addressee          redundant        bachelor         afternoon           quality           auctioneer    commandeer     alternate         understand          intention             interview      contented

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