WOODWOK HAND TOOLS (CUTTING, PLANNING AND HOLDING TOOLS).
CUTTING TOOLS: These are tools used for parting, shearing and cutting wood. They include
a. Saws: saws are tools used for sawing or cutting wood into two or more parts.
Types of saws
1. Rip saw: this is used for cutting along the grains of wood. It is 610-710mm long.
2. Cross Cut saw: This saw is used for cutting wood across the grains. It is similar to the rip saw in appearance but it is only 460-610mm.
3. Panel saw: This is a saw that is capable of doing the work of both the rip and cross-cut saw. The length is 450 – 550mm.
4. Tenon saw: This is a saw that is used for cutting tenon, joints and small jobs on the bench. It has a folded steel or brass back pressed to the blade.
5. Coping saw: This is used for cutting accurate curves in thin wood and plywood. The blade can be adjusted to cut in a direction.
6. Fret saw: This is used for complex shapes and curves in plywood and veniers. The blade of this saw is finer than the coping saw blade. It has high frame which allows it to be used over a wide area
B PLANNING TOOLS: These are tools used for smoothing the surface of wood.
There are many types of plane namely:
a. Jackplane: This is a general purpose plane. It is used to plane rough surface of timber and also to prepare timber to sizes.
b. Trying plane: This plane is used for preparing very accurate flat surfaces of wood. It is about 500 – 610mm long.
c. Smoothing plane: the smoothing plane is used after the jack plane for final clearing up of the surface of wood.
d. Spoke shave: This is used for shaping curved edges. There are two types of spoke shaves namely flat face for convex curves and round or curved face for concave curves.
C. HOLDING TOOLS: These are tools used for holding the work pieces while working on them. Some of the holding tools include vices, clamps, pincers etc.