STRESS

STRESS

Stress is used to indicate the degree of prominence given to a syllable. When we speak, we discover that certain syllables are pronounced with greater breath efforts more than others. These syllables with attract greater force when produced, are regarded as “stressed syllables”. On the other hand , the syllable. “re”.

Linguists believe that there are three degree of stress in the English Language. They include the following.

  1. Primary Stress: The primary stress is also referred to as the “main stress”. It indicates the syllable that receives the greater degree of prominence when is produced. The primary stress is indicated with a vertical stroke up and before the syllable that is stressed E.g teacher, father etc these word used as example here, consist of two syllables each. It should be noted, therefore, that it is not the speech sound /t/ and /f/ that are being stressed but the whole syllables.
  2. Secondary stress: This indicates the syllable that receives the secondary pitch of prominence after the primary stress. A Secondary Stress is indicated with a vertical stroke down and before the syllable being stressed. This stress is commonly used in compound words or poly syllabic words as in “grand, father”.
  3. Unstressed syllable: This identifies a syllable that is not stressed at all. For convenience, we shall group the three degree of stress into two “Stressed” and “unstressed” respectively. alive-a/live
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