Sculpture can be defined as an Art of forming figures and objects in relief solid or in the round.
Sculpture is also the art of modeling in 3-dimensional form with clay, cement, paper mash or carved on wood, marble, stone, ivory or other materials that the Artist chooses.
It is also the art of producing art works with clay, wax, cement, stone, ivory, horn etc through the methods of carving, casting, construction and modeling.
Sculpture could be produced in the round or relief sculpture.
Materials used for sculptural art work includes: Clay, paper, cement, Body filler, stone, horn, bone, bronze, metal, sand, wax, wood, ivory, gold, silver, calabash etc.
Calipers, Hand trowel, shovel, gouage, head pan, palette knife, chisel, mallet, mortar, pestle, cutlass, hand saw, hand paper, harmer, nail, hand file etc.
METHODS OF PRODUCING SCULPTURAL PIECE
The sculptural art works can be produced through:
To produce the cast, apply engine oil, Vaseline or any other things that can act as separator to the mould. Pour any material of your choice in the mould when it is in the slurry state or liquid state so that the impression will register on it when solidifies. Materials that are possible with this are: clay, cement, gold, bronze, silver.
This method is known as substractive method of production. Materials suitable for these are wood, soap, wax, stone, ivory, marbles etc.
Modeling is a simple process in which forms or shapes can be altered and rebuilt with the necessary skills and techniques. This is because of the plaster qualities of the materials.