The Uses of the Pronouns
Definition: Pronouns are words used to replace nouns. Pronouns are used mainly to avoid using nouns which have already been used in a sentence or paragraph.
Types or Kinds of Pronouns
|1st person singular||I||We|
|1st person plural||We||Us|
|2nd person singular||You||You|
|2nd person plural||You||You|
|3rd person singular||He / She / It||Him / Her / It|
|3rd person plural||They||Them|
E.g: I gave you a book
You gave me this book
E.g: This is my book or it is my book
This book is mine or it is mine
Ours, Yours, His, Hers, and theirs are examples of possessive pronouns. It is used as adjective only. E.g: Its cover, its shell, its back.
I did it myself. You did it yourself / Ourself, Ourselves, himself, herself, themselves. It can be used emphatically as: I gave it to the principal herself. We saw the president himself.
E.g: This is the boy who stole the book.
She gave me advice which helped me.
He is the man whose dog barks at night.
Whose is on the table?
Which is his book?
Who is at the door?
Note: that the interrogative pronouns are usually followed by a verb but interrogative adjectives are followed by nouns. E.g: Which book is your own? (adj)
Which is your book? (pronoun)
Whose pen is lost? (Adjectival)
Whose is lost? (pronoun)
These are my bags. That is my table. These are my tables.
Note: No noun is attached to Demonstrative pronouns but Demonstrative Adjective are followed by nouns. E.g: This chair is mine, That Dictionary is mine, These books / those books are mine.
Functions of Pronouns
They perform the same functions as nouns in sentences.
I, We, You, They, He, She, and who are used as subjects .E.g: I, ,We , You, They, He, She, worked in the farm. (Subjects of verb’’ worked’’)
Who killed a goat? (Subject of verb’’ killed’’)
After action verbs or preposition, the pronouns change their forms because they have become objects. The form of pronouns change as objects. E.g: My sister praised me / us/ you /them / him / her / whom are object of the verb’’ praised’’
She came for me / us / you / them / him / her / whom are objects of the preposition ‘’for’’
There is a conflict between her and them. ( object of the preposition ‘’between’’)
She told me a lie (object of the verb ‘’told’’)
I am she that comes early everyday ( complement of the subject ‘’I’’)
It was they who packed the bags ( complement of the subject ‘’It’’)
It is I who should go (complement of the subject ‘’it’’)
respectively. This why they retain the same forms as they would take if they were used as subjects.