PILLARS OF DEMOCRACY
Meaning: Pillars of democracy are those permanent conditions required for the survival of democracy in a country. They are institutions that enhance democratic principles in a democratic society.
The Pillars of Democracy are:
- THE PEOPLE OR THE MASSES: In democracy, the people are in charge. They exercise the power to elect or reject whomever or political party they want.
- POLITICAL PARTIES: Parties form the bases of selecting candidates for electioneering purposes.
- THE CONSTITUTION: The constitution establishes the authority of government, provide guarantee for fundamental human rights and set the government basic operating procedures.
- DUE PROCESS OF THE LAW: the government must have the power to maintain order and punish criminal acts.
- GUARANTEE OF BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS: In a democracy, all citizens have basic rights that government cannot take away from them.
- THE PRESS: The press is allowed to cover and write on most activities of government.
- TRANSPARENT ELECTORAL PROCESS: Political office holders must be elected into office in a regular, transparent, free and fair electoral process. All eligible citizens must be free to vote or be voted for into any public office no matter how sensitive.
- RULE OF LAW: in democracy, the rule of law applies to all, protects the rights of citizens, maintains order and limits the power of government.
- EXISTENCE OF DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS: in a democracy, there must be the existence of democratic institutions such as an electoral commission, pressure groups, arms of government and civil society organization.
- MAJORITY RULE AND MINORITY RIGHTS: In democracy; the views of the majority holds over that of the minority. However, democracy recognizes the fundamental human right of ordinary citizens.