Internet is a global connection of computers to communicate with each others.

Basic Terms of Internet

  1. Browse:. Term to describe a user’s movement across the web, moving from page to page through hyperlinks, using a web browser.
  2. Browser:. The application that enables a user to manage and access information on the web.
  3. Chart room:. Chat room is a web site that provides a venue for people with a common interest to communicate in real time.
  4. Cyber café:. This is a place which provides internet access to the general public, they charge at a time – based rate.
  5. Cyber space:. It is the electronic medium of computer networks, in which online communication takes place.
  6. Download:. To transfer files from the net to a local computer. To transfer files from server to the client.
  7. Upload:. To transfer files from a local computer to a remote or network computer. To transfer files from the client to server.
  8. www:. A global network of computer using the internet to exchange web documents.
  9. FTP (file transfer protocol) is a method of sending files between two computers.
  10. IP Address:. (Internet Protocol address) A  unique number identifying every computer on the internet (eg.
  11. Server:. It is the main computer that acts as a host and provides data, software etc. to the other terminals linked with it.
  12. Client:. The computer that requests and receives data and services from the server.
  13. URL (Uniform Resource Locator):. This sends command to the web server to fetch and transmit a requested page.
  14. ISP(Internet Service Provider):. This is the company that gives services to internet users.
  15. SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol):. Is a standard communication protocol for sending e-mail between computers.
  16. Protocol:. This is an agreed upon format for transmitting data between two or more devices.
  17. HTML(Hypertext Markup Language) it is the main markup language for web pages.
  18. Http:, this means hypertext transfer protocol. It describes how the messages are formatted and transmitted.
  19. WAP(Wireless Application Protocol) A loading standard for information services on wireless terminals like mobile phones.
  20. Web page:. A document designed to be distributed over the web.
  21. Web site:. A collection of related web pages belonging to a company or an individual.
  22. TCP/IP:. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
  23. USENET:. A world wide news system accessible over the internet (News groups)
  24. Fire wall :. This term refers to security measures designed to protect a networked system from unauthorized access.
  25. Encryption:. Is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized person can access it and unauthorized person cannot access it.


  1. Internet is used in online business through e-commerce.
  2. It provides information to the students and enhances e-learning.
  3. On line banking enables financial companies to allow their customers to do their banking transaction through the internet.
  4. Internet provides online communication such as chatting.


There are different web browsers to browse the internet, some of the most popular ones are:

  1. Internet Explorer
  2. Netscape Navigator
  3. Opera
  4. Firefox
  • Internet Explorer (IE) is a web browser provided with windows for browsing of internet. After connecting to the network, click the icon in the Quick Launch Toolbar or double click on it at the Desktop, then the Home page will open.

Netscape is an alternate browser to IE for browsing web pages.

  • Opera – Opera browser is the smallest and fastest browser in the world, Opera started out as a research project in Norway’s telecom company, Telenor in 1994.
  • Firefox – Firefox is a web browser that is smaller, faster and in some ways more secure than the Netscape. Firefox gives users a cleaner interface and faster download speeds.

Features in main browser window

  1. Title bar
  2. Menu bar
  3. Tool bar (standard toolbar)
  4. Address
  5. Web page display area
  6. Status bar

Standard toolbar has many different buttons. They are explained as following:

  1. Back: to go back to previously viewed web page.
  2. Forward: to move forward to web page which was viewed just before using the Back button.
  3. Stop: to stop the loading of the web page from that point forward.
  4. Refresh/Reload: to refresh the contents of the currently displayed web page from the start. Useful if the loading of a web page stops in between due to some fault.
  5. Home: to go to the Home page of the currently viewed web site
  6. Search: to search for the string of text entered in the address bar.
  7. Favorites/Bookmarks: display a list of previously bookmarked web sites. You can add or delete the web sites from the favorites/Bookmarks.


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