INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

WEEK 3

Topic: ICT APPLICATION IN OUR EVERYDAY LIFE

ICT simply means Information and Communication Technology.

ICT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information.  ICT involves all the technologies for creating, acquiring, storing, processing, communicating and using of information.  ICT has become the key tool in how daily activity and it has a new impact on how we see the world and how we live.

USES OF ICT

  1. Timing and control:

Operations are effectively timed by ICT gadgets.  Examples are in the use of microwave oven and washing machine.

It also help in taking adequate and correct control of events in a technological approach.  Examples of such events are traffic control system, electronic door/gate, elevator, petrol dispenser, raider at the airport, scanning machine at the hospital etc.

  1. In Communication:

Modern communication networks are all computer based.  Land lines, mobile phones, cellular, Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) network are all operated with computer.  One of the popular means of sending messages, letters, graphics, or document now is via the electronic mail (e-mail) through the internet.

  1. Information Processing and Management

Computers are used for information processing to prepare written text, letters, memos and reports.

IMPACT OF ICT IN OUR DAILY ACTIVITIES

Listed below are some ways ICT has been helping in making work easily accessible to the society.  They are:

  1. IN THE SCHOOOL

ICT is used in schools for keeping students records, playing games, for research, computing and accessing results and as instrumental aids.

  1. IN THE BANK

For keeping records of customers, production of statements of account, calculations etc.

  1. IN THE HOSPITAL

To diagnose ailments, schedule nurses and doctors on duty, prepare bills for the patient, salary for their workers, keep track of items that come into and out of their store, keep the medical history of their patients.

  1. AT HOME

To type documents, play games, sending and receiving mails etc.

  1. IN SUPERMARKET

For record of sales, taking stock, for security e.g. CCTV.

  1. GOVERNMENT

Use ICT for preparing budgets, conducting population census etc.

  1. SECURITY OPERATIONS

Used in car tracking, scanning, and analyzing of signatures and thumb prints, data gathering, launching of bombs etc.

  1. AT THE AIRPORT

It helps to schedule flight, to determine weather forecast, allocation of seat etc.

Questions

  1. Define ICT.
  2. State 4 uses of ICT.
  3. Mention 5 impact of ICT in our daily activities.

 

 

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