ICPC: means Independent Corrupt Practices and other related Offences Commission. It is a law to prohibit and prescribe punishment for corrupt practices and other related offences. It came into force on 13th June, 2000. ICPC is set up to rid Nigeria off corruption through lawful enforcement and preventive measure. Their vision is to have Nigeria that is free from all forms of corruption (including to put a stop in manufacturing of adulterated and misbranded foods) and corrupt practices.


  • Educates the public on and against bribery, corruption and related offences.
  • It aids in fostering public support in fighting corruption
  • To advice heads of public bodies of changes in practices, systems of procedures compatible with the effective discharge of the duties in order to reduce the likelihood of bribery, corruption and related offences.
  • The commission receive and investigate any person that has conspired to commit, attempting to commit or has committed an offence under this Act.
  • The commission instruct, advice and assists any officer agency or parastatal on ways by which fraud may be eliminated or reduced by such officer, agency or parastatal.


  • Offence of accepting gratification is guilty of offence of official corruption and is liable to imprisonment for 7 years.
  • Offences of giving or accepting gratification through agent is guilty of an offence of official corruption and shall on conviction be liable to imprisonment for 7 years
  • Fraudulent acquisition of property if guilty of an offence, and shall on conviction be liable to imprisonment for 7 years
  • Fraudulent acceptance of property is guilty of felony (offence whose penalty is 3 years)
  • Making false statements on return on public revenue or property entrusted in your care is guilty of an offence, shall on conviction be liable for 7 years imprisonment.

Adulterated foods

The aim of adulterating food is to maximize profit and to deceive consumer. A food is adulterated if

  • It is produced with inferior or bad raw materials
  • It is filthy, putrid or decomposed
  • It is produced under unsanitary condition.

Misbranded foods

Misbranded foods are the coating of food articles to create improved appearance. A food is              misbranded if: –

  • It fails to comply with the standard of identity written
  • It is wrongly labeled
  • It fails to meet regulation for the filling of containers


An act is set up to provide for the sale and distribution of counterfeit, adulterated and misbranded, banned or fake, expired drug or unwholesome processed food. The penalty for the misbranding and adulterated food and drugs is a fine of not less than ₦50,000 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or both fine and imprisonment.

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