ECOLOGICAL (HABITAT) FACTORS

ECOLOGICAL (HABITAT) FACTORS

Meaning: Ecological factors are those factors in the environment which can influence living organism.

Types of ecological factors:

  1. BIOTIC FACTORS
  2. Competition Mortality
  3. Predator Migration
  4. Pathogens Dispersal
  5. Parasitism Natality
  6. Commensalism Food.
  7. ABIOTIC FACTORS
  8. Climatic factors e.g rainfall wind etc.
  9. Chemical factors e.g Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, water.
  10. Edaphic factor e.g Soil, water.
  11. Topographic factors e.g rivers, hills, mountain and valleys.

Importance of ecological factors

  1. Temperature b. Rainfall c. Wind d. Availability of food. E. Natality f. Light.

Simple measurement of Ecological factors :

Instrument                                         Functions / Uses

  1. Therometer                                 Temperature
  2. Wind vane                                   Wind direction
  3. Rain guage                                   Rainfall
  4. Anemometer                                wind speed
  5. Barometer                                   Pressure  Measurement
  6. Hygrometer                                 Relative humidity
  7. Photometer                                 Light intensity on land
  8. Hydro photometer                      Light intensity in water
  9. Tape                                               Height or length
  10. Meter rule                                      Length of objects

 

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PHYSICAL AND EDEPHOC FACTORS

  1. Physical factors
  2. Climatic factors: rainfall, wind pressure, sunlight, humidity etc.
  3. Topography: Rivers, Hills, mountains, and valley.
  4. Edephaic Factors: it consists of composition of soil e.g Structure, texture nutrient of soil.
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