Costume is anything worn on the stage by actors and actresses. Some of those things include all clothing, under-clothing, beads, crown, hair dressing, wigs, make-up and accessories like umbrella, scarf, hat, shoes and jewelries worn or carried by the characters.


  1. Historical Periods: The style, shape and type of costumes worn by an actor or actress helps to indicate the period of the play e.g. costume worn by an actor/actress on the last 10 years is different from the costume worn by the actress and actors in 2020.
  2. Gender: Costume indicates the sex or gender of a character in a play. Costume given to a male actor is different from that of a female actress
  3. Age: In drama, costume is used to determine the age of an actor e.g. young girls like to wear tight fitting wears like miniskirts and short tops. Young boys like to put an ass level trouser, men and women have their own type of cloths which are different from that of the youths. At times, the colour, style and fitting of cloth helps to give information about the age of the wearer.
  4. Occupation: Costume is used to indicate different professions. Cloth can also be used to tell the different kind of professions that people do e.g. uniform shows a lawyer, military officer, medical doctor, students etc.
  5. Socio-economic status: Costume or cloth tells a lot about the social class of people e.g. wearing unkept/shabby cloth indicates a person from lower class of the society. In drama costume can be used to portray or show a house maid, a king, a queen, a prince, a princess, major and minor actors in a play.
  6. Make-ups: Make-ups are substances used by actors/actresses to change their appearance e.g. lipstick, face powder, eye shadow and cream. Make-up can also be defined as the application of cosmetic to the face and body.


  1. Appearance: Make-ups is used to change the physical appearance of the actor/actress on stage e.g. through the application of make-ups, a young face is made to look older, older face to look younger.
  2. Highlight: This is the use of make-up to show facial expression or appearance of an actor or actress on stage.
  3. Clues: Make-up gives clues to the age, health and vitality of the actor or actress in a play i.e. give information about the age, health and strength of the actor.


  1. Foundation make-up: This is the initial make-up that is applied to the face before other make-ups. It can also be called straight make-up.
  2. Cream make-up: This is non greasy moist foundation make-up that is applied to the face with brush, sponge and the finger tips.
  3. Dry Make-up: Liquid make-up are in liquid or watery from. They dry quickly when applied to the skin e.g. facial cleanser.



  1. Appearance: Both of them are used in changing the appearance of the character and scene of performance
  2. Clues: Both of them gives information to the age, vitality and health of an actor/actress
  3. Character: Both of them are used in giving clues (information to the character an actor is playing in a drama e.g a king, queen, boss, teacher, servant etc).
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