Centralization is the concentration of powers at central level or government. The degree of centralization is highest in unitary system in which the central government is the only constitutional source of authority Britain, France, Holy are example of centralized state.
Reasons for Adoption of centralization
- If is easy to practice in a relatively small country
- It is best practiced in a homogenous state
- The central government can delegate power to other component unit
- All the powers of the state are concentrated in the hands of central government
- The constitution of centralized state is flexible
- There is no division of power between the central government and other component unit
- It has a strong central government
Arguments for/ merits/ Advantages of centralization
- It reduces cost of administration of offices
- It promotes quick and effective decision makers
- It promotes unity and national integration
- It is less expensive and therefore reduces administrative expenses
- It promotes uniform development in the state
- It prevent waste and in efficiency and high level of indiscipline in both the civil and public service
- It helps to foster spirit of oneness because the citizen look at themselves as one
- It has flexible constitution
- The citizens show loyalty to only one government (central government
Argument against/Demerits/ Disadvantages of centralization
- It encourages dictatorship/Tyranny/despotic as result of excess power at the centre
- It is not suitable for countries with large population and tertiary.
- It neglect the local autonomy because it create and centrials the activities of local authorities.
- Government is left far away from the people especially those in interior parts of the country.
- It does not encourage inter state competition because the central government has total central over resources.
- It undermines the practice of separation of pave.