An argumentative essay is a piece of writing which purpose is to present evidence to support an idea. This essay presents a stand on an issue using facts and evidence to persuade the reader to agree with the argument being made.



  • Introduction: The essay begins with an introduction which bears the thesis statement. The thesis statement refers to the sentence or group of sentences which carry the main idea in an essay.
  • Background of the subject: The writer gives a general detailed information on the issue or subject
  • Main argument: This encompasses the major and specific information on the issue favouring the writer’s stand. The writer employs body paragraphs carrying topic sentences to persuade the reader to agree with his point of view. It is imperative that the writer uses evidential support.
  • Refutation: Here, the writer briefly presents the opposing side and with facts tries to convince the reader that the opposing side is not valid.
  • Conclusion: The conclusion is a summary of the points that have been made in the body. Here, do not introduce any information; synthesize the information presented in the body. Restate why your stand is valid and conclude on that.


  • You should research heavily on the topic. This essay requires one to collect, generate and evaluate evidence and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner.
  • Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of the general idea. This allows clarity and sequence in the essay.
  • Ensure your argument rests on facts and not just mere opinions.
  • The language should be formal, direct and simple.
  • The introduction or the starting paragraph must be highly attentive. Catchy and interrogative words are encouraged in this form of writing.
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